Select the Most Appropriate Shingle Material for Your Home


When it’s time to replace your roof from Union Roofers, selecting the shingle material will be one of your most essential selections. There are several materials on the market, each with its advantages and disadvantages. Here are some guidelines for choosing the best roofing shingles for your home:

All roofs are meant to shed water

However, they are either low-slope or steep-slope depending on the angle of their slope. If you want to appear informed, avoid the word “flat roof”; every roof has a slope, even if it’s only a half-inch. There is no unanimity on what constitutes a low-slope roof or a steep-slope roof, although roofers use the ratio of inches of slope per foot as a standard. In general, a roof with a slope of fewer than four inches per 12 inches in length (“4 on 12” in roofing parlance) is regarded to have a low slope. Most residential roofs include a high pitch.

The roof’s pitch influences the materials chosen to cover it. There is no “optimal” material; instead, buyers should prioritize construction and installation excellence

Roofing Shingle Options Asphalt shingles

These are the most prevalent, are quite simple to install, and are typically the cheapest. Asphalt and mineral granules are applied to a fiberglass mat to create shingles.

The 30th Shingle the strength of 30-year impact resistant shingles ranges from class 1 to class 4. The class type influences the substance and durability of the shingle. Class 4 is often the maximum level of protection, making shingles less vulnerable to damage from hail or other weather debris.

Class 1 asphalt shingles

The following categorization applies: Class 1 shingles can resist ice balls with a diameter of 31.8 mm (1.25 inches). Class 2 shingles can resist ice balls with a diameter of 38,1 mm or 1.5 inches. Class 3 shingles can resist ice balls with a diameter of 44 mm (1.75 inches).

Class 2 asphalt shingles

A shingle is classified as Class 2 if it remains intact after being struck by 1.25-inch balls thrown from a height of 20 feet. The highest classification is Class 4 Class 3 shingles resisted 2-inch balls under identical testing circumstances. To attain Class 3 certification, the shingle must resist a 20-foot drop off a 1 34-inch steel ball. The primary purpose of these experiments is to simulate hailstones.

Class 4 asphalt shingles

Class 4 shingles are certified for hail resistance and built to withstand winds of up to 110 miles per hour. This is the highest available grade of IR or impact-resistant shingles. For roofing shingles to receive this specific designation, they must undergo rigorous testing. SBS Class 4 impact-resistant asphalt shingles are 10 to 25 percent more expensive than standard asphalt shingles. However, impact-resistant shingles minimize long-term maintenance costs and avoid premature roof replacement, allowing homeowners to swiftly recoup the greater original investment.

Wood shingles and shakes. Common materials include cedar, redwood, and southern pine. Shakes are handcrafted, whereas shingles are machine-made.

Looking for roof repair? Give us a call now and our helpful staff will provide you with further information regarding the appropriate material for your house.

Comprehending the Asphalt Shingle Roofing System

When the need for a new roof arises, homeowners have a variety of alternatives and designs from which to select. Those inexperienced with residential roofing systems may soon feel overwhelmed by the variety of available materials. We are one of the top roofing companies, in TX, and our experts can assist you in selecting an asphalt roofing system for your home.

The initial suggestion is to adhere to the counsel of an expert contractor. The majority of roofing professionals are accredited by shingle manufacturers and can help you through the roofing procedure. For the repair or installation of asphalt shingle roofs, our team of skilled roofers can assist you.

The constituents of an asphalt shingle

There are specialty shingles with unique compositions, however all asphalt shingles have the same fundamental materials:

This high-strength reinforcing material provides the optical properties required for handling and durability; it is the shingle’s backbone.


The fundamental function of asphalt is to repel water and retain the granules together. It constitutes a large portion of the composition of the shingle.

Fillers (or mineral stabilizers)

During the production process, these finely-ground ingredients are added to asphalt to boost its resilience to fire and to improve its weathering, flexibility, and durability.

Granules are ceramic-coated, crushed rock particles that cover the shingle’s “face.” Granules give shingles their color, and they help prevent the asphalt from degrading from extended exposure to ultraviolet radiation.

Rear surfacing refers to the application of a fine mineral substance on the back of the shingle. Back surfacing enables the production and storage of shingles with less adhesion to machines and one another.

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